– Advertisement -Below is a map to the fall fair grounds:View Larger MapThe cost for a family of four is $25, Single adult $10, students 6-13 $5 Seniors & under 6 free. This entitles you to enter the gate draw and gives you access to all the events. For a complete schedule and all info you could need about the fair…download the attach Fall Fair Book. The North Peace Fall Fair gets underway today at the Fall Fair Grounds. This is the 61st time this event has been held.The fair started in 1929 where Robert Ogilvie now stands and over the years grew to it’s current location about 21km North of town on the Rose Prairie Road. The Fair features all kinds of exhibits, plus enetertainment, a tractor pull and more. For a complete list of all the events click on the attached program.Plus you can start your day with the annual Pancake Breakfast put on by the City of Fort St. John and the Sunrise Rotary Club…that starts each day at 7am.Advertisement
The flower of Pelargonium sidoides ispretty, but so small the plant is quiteinsignificant in the wild. Planting out the seedlings is a laboriousand time-consuming process. Low-growing Pelargonium sidoides plantsunder cultivation in the field. The fleshy tuber is the economicallyimportant part of the plant.Jennifer SternSouth Africa is known for its rich diversity of plant life – the Cape Floral Region, for example, is a Unesco World Heritage site, taking up only 0.04% of the world’s land area, yet containing an astonishing 3% percent of its plant species.Among this wealth of plants are many with unique curative properties, used in a range of alternative medicines. One of these is Pelargonium sidoides, which has been used in remedies for respiratory ailments for over 100 years – perhaps longer.Today this flowering plant is cultivated on a farm near Cape Town to supply international pharmaceutical companies with raw material. But the story of its introduction to the western world goes back to the 19th century.In 1897 Henry Charles Stevens, a 19-year-old consumptive from Birmingham, came to South Africa in the hope that the fresh air and sunshine would alleviate his tuberculosis (TB). The air and climate did help, but what made the real difference was a visit to a sangoma, or traditional healer, high up in the mountainous kingdom of Lesotho. (Or possibly Zululand – the records are sketchy, and there are conflicting stories.)Wherever he or she was found, the healer fed a concoction of bright red roots to Stevens, who immediately felt much better. So much better that, on his return to England, his doctor declared him free of TB.Stevens Consumption CureRejoicing in his escape from the grim reaper – and seeing a lucrative opportunity – Stevens imported the raw ingredients of the medicine from South Africa and began to produce a remedy called Stevens Consumption Cure. While there was some anecdotal evidence of successful treatments, the British Medical Association all but drummed him out of town, and he spent a fortune on legal actions.But word of the cure got out, and soon a Dr Adrien Sechehaye of Geneva acquired a supply from Stevens, and tentatively started to use it. After his first patient recovered well he went on to prescribe the remedy to about 800 TB sufferers between 1920 and 1929. The best part was that his results were – by the standards of the day – particularly well documented, and included 64 detailed case studies.In fact, a 21st-century analysis of his records indicates better remission rates than those obtained in today’s South Africa using WHO-approved antibiotic regimens.Stevens Consumption Cure, which also went by the strange name of Umckaloabo, continued to be produced in Europe, with a break during the Second World War when it was difficult to obtain the raw materials from South Africa. The origins of the name are unknown. It’s likely that Stevens simply dreamed up “Umckaloabo” as sounding both African and esoteric, and sufficiently obscure to conceal the source and main ingredient of the remedy – ensuring his continued monopoly.Erratic supplyOnly in the 1970s was that main ingredient identified: a decoction of the roots of Pelargonium sidoides, a small and unobtrusive little shrubby plant that grows in the cold, dry and stony areas of South Africa.In the 1990s German natural-medicine company Schwabe acquired the rights to manufacture Umckaloabo when it bought a small company called ISO Arzneimittel. It was an unimportant part of the portfolio and, while it seemed interesting and obviously had some potential, was not a priority because the supply of raw materials was potentially erratic.Umckaloabo production relied on plants harvested from the wild in the mountains of Lesotho. While sustainable, the yield was small and variable. To properly develop a market for the remedy Schwabe had to guarantee sufficient volumes to make it profitable.Then in 1995 Ulrich Feiter, a German-born horticulturist living in South Africa, visited Schwabe hoping to sell the herbal extracts he manufactured from plants cultivated on his farm in Wellington, near Cape Town. The company wasn’t interest in his product, but did ask if he could, instead, propagate the rather useful pelargonium.He agreed, thinking it would be easy. Pelargonium is a close relative of the red geranium, the ubiquitous flowering plant found edging neat lawns in suburban gardens and growing in window boxes to brighten up the drab exteriors of apartment blocks of cities across the world. Germaniums grow with little trouble, so Feiter assumed pelargoniums would too.Assured that the farmer would supply them with the necessary raw materials, Schwabe invested €30 million into clinical trials, patents and registration to ensure Umckaloabo complied with regulations in Germany and other potential markets.Wild harvestingFeiter returned to South Africa with a two-fold mission – to supply Schwabe with plants harvested from the wild, and to start growing them on his farm in Wellington.The problem of harvesting from the wild is that it threatens the plant’s survival – harvest too much, and it may go extinct. Luckily, pelargonium has some built-in constraints.The root of P sidoides starts off a pale pink and, as the plant matures, turns deep red. As it is only at this stage that it has any commercial value, there’s no incentive to harvest immature plants.Also, the part of the root that is harvested is a tuber and, when it is pulled up with the rest of the plant, a number of side roots break off, allowing it to grow back.And because P sidoides does not have any specific growing season and lies dormant most of the time, less than half the plants in any one community would be harvested in any one collecting trip. When the yield from a particular area gets low, it is time to leave it for a few years to recover.Dogs and wolvesBut the problem was the low yields of wild harvesting, making commercial growing essential. But Feiter soon discovered that pelargoniums are not geraniums – they are far more difficult to grow.While the plants are related, geraniums are soft and domestic, and pelargoniums more suited to the wild. Think dogs and wolves.Geraniums flourish under the loving (or even neglectful) care of people, happy to be confined to a pretty pot. Pelargoniums in general, and P sidoides in particular, need wide open spaces. They like to live on the edge – in the cold, dry, rocky areas of southern Africa where they lie semi-dormant for a year or two if conditions are bad and then, with a little rain, flourish briefly.Feiter found it was not a simple matter of taking a few cuttings and planting out rows and rows of pretty little flowers. Unlike the easily domesticated geraniums and some more amenable species of pelargonium, P sidoides has almost no stem, so it can’t be grown from stem cuttings.So in 1996, when Feiter planted out his first hectare of plants, he did so from root stock. This is not an economically sustainable method of propagation because it destroys the only part of the plant with commercial value. But this gave him his first plantings, from which he proceeded to collect seeds. He now propagates almost exclusively from seedlings that he grows in his nursery.Preserving pelargoniumsFeiter has one hectare under cultivation in Wellington, mainly for research and seed purposes, and some 20 hectares in the Free State, which were planted in 2003 and should soon be ready for the first harvest. He also supports a cultivation project in the Eastern Cape near Alice, working with the community that previously harvested in the wild.In 2007 he was instrumental in starting the Pelargonium Working Group, set up to further the preservation, harvesting, propagation and utilisation of the plant. Members include South Africa’s Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, the Eastern Cape Development Corporation, and Traffic, the execution organ of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species, or Cites.Schwabe buys about 98% of Feiter’s output, and the farmer uses the rest in his Wellington factory to manufacture a cough remedy called Linctagon, which is sufficiently different to Umckaloabo to be exempt from Schwabe’s patents. So while most of the root is being exported, there is also an affordable locally manufactured product.Both Umckaloabo and Linctagon are currently used for general chest and respiratory complaints and coughs, but there is a possibility that their key ingredient may be revived as a cure for TB, particularly after the rise of drug-resistant strains of the disease.This makes the rather scrubby little plant is yet another lesson in the importance of preserving biodiversity. You never know what magic may be found in those pretty little flowers growing in the mountains.Do you have queries or comments about this article? Email Mary Alexander at [email protected] linksSchwabe GroupPelargonium sidoides on Plantz Africa
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest In an effort to recognize outstanding Ohio youth and to help those interested in furthering their education, the Ohio Expositions Commission has established a scholarship program.The purpose of these scholarships is to assist high school juniors and seniors (2018-2019) and graduates who are continuing their education at an accredited institution in an undergraduate course of study in any field.Scholarships will be awarded to junior exhibitors during the Ohio State Fair. Applicants will be judged on scholastic standing, citizenship and leadership, Ohio State Fair participation, county fair participation, and financial need. Completed applications must be postmarked by April 15, 2019. For more information visit: ohiostatefair.com/scholarships/.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest North Union freshman, Bailee Amstutz, won runner-up in the National FFA Agri-Science Fair held during the 92nd National FFA Convention & Expo in Indianapolis, Indiana last month. Amstutz did her project on social acceptance of lamb meat from America, New Zealand, and Australia to high school students. She competed in the social systems category of the Agri-Science fair. Winning the national runner-up title also earned her a $1,500 scholarship sponsored by Corteva Agri-Science.The Agri-Science Fair is a competitive event in which participants work as individuals or teams to conduct a scientific research project. They participate in a state competition and must win first place within their state before moving on to the national competition.North Union FFA Advisors are Tom Jolliff and Breck Mooneyham.
Aputure has released 5 new accessories that will elevate your lighting game to a whole new level. Here’s what you need to know.Aputure has been a staple in the PremiumBeat office for a while now. We use their lights for everything from lighting product shots to entire sets — you name it, we’ve lit it with their lights. That’s why we are extremely excited to see their new lineup of lighting accessories, which includes some long-awaited products such as barn doors and an impressive collaboration with Chimera.Here are the details. The Light Dome IIThe Aputure Light Dome is one of the most versatile soft boxes on the market, and the Mark II is no different. It comes with a revamped silver coating for maximum reflection and a “5 Second Build” redesign so you can get the soft box out and assembled in under five seconds, saving you from wrestling with a fixture for 10 minutes.The Light Dome comes with two different types of cloth that you can attach to the dome for ultra-soft diffusion: the traditional Silk Cloth and the new Magic Cloth, which provides you with even more diffusion. It also includes a fabric grid to help focus your light beam to 40 degrees. As an added bonus, they have also included an attachable gel holder to help you get the exact lighting setup your shot requires.Pricing: $219.00 USDThe Light Dome Mini IIWant the perfect portable lighting companion for a shallower, wider spread of light? Then the Light Dome Mini II is for you. This mini soft box is great if you are a doing run-and-gun setup and need to pack light, or if you’re shooting in a smaller area. The Light Dome Mini II comes with some of the same upgrades as the Light Dome II, such as the easy setup design, gel holder, and a fabric grid.Pricing: $129.00Aputure X Chimera LightBankLooking to get some filmmaking clout by owning your own Chimera gear? Well, now’s your chance.Aputure has teamed up with the leader in film lighting diffusion, Chimera, to release the new LightBank accessory that accompanies Aputure’s flagship panel light, the LS-1. This diffusion powerhouse combo will be a great addition to the already-great LS-1, and it features new additions such as two diffusion cloths that you can use separately or together. It’s designed to fit intuitively onto your LS-1 to handle any set conditions, so if you’re recording in the arctic tundra with 80-mph winds, the last thing you will have to worry about is the LightBank falling off. You can think about frostbite instead.Pricing: $249.00EZ Box+ IIDesigned specifically for the Amaran line of Aputure lights (AL-528, HR672 or Tri-8), the EZ Box+ II is for the indie filmmaker on the go. It is pre-built with foldable rods, so assembly takes only a matter of seconds. The EZ Box+ II can increase your light area by 150%, and you can control and center it with an included fabric grid that brings your light source to a 35-degree beam angle. This thing is incredibly portable and reliable, so if you’re looking for something to accompany you on your filmmaking journeys, this box is for you.Pricing: $65.00Aputure BarndoorsDesigned specifically for the 120 series and 300d lights, the new Aputure Barndoors are your solution for getting precise lighting setups in no time. These barn doors come with a velvet fabric interior that prevents any light leaks, giving you the ability to detail your light however you want it. The barn doors also come with a magnetic gel holder for hot-swapping your different gels in record time.Pricing: $59.00All images via Aputure.
eSports ‘I’m going to refuse to play with myself’ – Alli outraged at FIFA 18 rating Ronan Murphy Last updated 2 years ago 17:07 22/9/2017 FacebookTwitterRedditcopy Comments(24) Getty eSports Tottenham Hotspur West Ham United v Tottenham Hotspur Premier League The Spurs and England star is disappointed with his overall score in the new game, despite being one of the 100 highest rated players Tottenham attacker Dele Alli has expressed his outrage at his 84-overall rating in FIFA 18.The 21-year-old is considered one of the best young players in world football, having won the PFA Young Player of the Year award for the last two seasons.Alli 13/10 to score v West Ham Article continues below Editors’ Picks ‘I’m getting better’ – Can Man Utd flop Fred save his Old Trafford career? Why Barcelona god Messi will never be worshipped in the same way in Argentina Lyon treble & England heartbreak: The full story behind Lucy Bronze’s dramatic 2019 Liverpool v Man City is now the league’s biggest rivalry and the bitterness is growing Alli has started the season brightly with two goals in the Premier League and another to help Spurs progress in the Carabao Cup, and has been rated among the top 100 players in the world in FIFA 18.Despite being ranked the same as Dani Alves, Sami Khedira and Sadio Mane, the England international is disappointed with his rating and claims that he will not play as his in-game version until EA Sports give him a higher score.”To be honest I don’t think I’ll use myself in the game because I don’t think my rating is very good,” Alli told the Mirror.”I’m going to refuse to play with myself until I’m a little bit more realistic!”Alli’s 84 rating ranks him as number 29 among the top Premier League players, with Spurs team-mates Jan Vertonghen, Toby Alderweireld, Harry Kane, Christian Eriksen and Hugo Lloris all rated higher.The standard edition of FIFA 18 is released worldwide on September 29, while the Icon and Ronaldo editions are released three days earlier.
This view suggests the U.S. may have reached a new plateau. The performance of the 2002 team, for instance, is problematic from this vantage point. If the U.S. fails to beat Belgium on Tuesday, that means it will have gone three World Cups without equaling (much less improving upon) the 2002 team’s performance. Perhaps we’re left with the global soccer equivalent of the Atlanta Hawks: a team that will usually make the “playoffs” then lose in the first round.This might seem like a contrived reading of the evidence. But mapping the Americans’ trajectory from 1986 onward is also selective: It’s easy to make an upward pattern look more impressive by starting from what you know to be a low point.There’s a credible story behind each theory. Under the steady-improvement theory, the story is one of demographic and cultural trends abetted by some measure of self-perpetuating success (a positive feedback loop). Soccer has been a big youth-participation sport since the 1970s, but immigration from Latin America may be giving the U.S. even more young athletes who are interested in soccer. The occasional successes of the U.S. men’s national team, along with an increasingly popular domestic league (and improved television visibility for the English Premier League and Liga MX) may motivate some of these young athletes to play soccer professionally instead of transitioning into baseball, football or another sport.The punctuated-equilibrium theory suggests that the U.S. was badly underachieving its soccer potential for many years. Then it got its act together when it was chosen to host a World Cup: better facilities, more investment in the national team, a sustainable domestic league and so forth. But it was picking low-hanging fruit. It shouldn’t be that difficult for a super-wealthy country like the United States, which excels at so many other sports, to be half-decent at soccer if it tries.What’s more challenging is going from a country that sometimes makes the knockout phase to one that sometimes makes the World Cup semifinals — or beyond. It’s not clear that the U.S.’s wealth, or its athletic prowess, implies that it ought to be much more successful at soccer than it has been in recent years. For instance, we can compare each country’s GDP (taken as a natural logarithm) against its soccer team’s Elo rating as of June. There’s certainly some relationship, but it’s rough (soccer is a comparatively inexpensive sport). The trendline in the chart implies that a best guess for the United States is an Elo rating somewhere in mid-1,800s, almost exactly where it is today.The same story holds if we compare the number of medals each country has won at the Summer Olympics since 2000 (again taken as a natural logarithm5Because a number of countries have won no medals since 2000 — meaning that their natural logarithm would be undefined — I instead take the log of the number of medals won plus one.) against its soccer team’s Elo rating.There’s a high margin of error on these estimates. China’s GDP (and its Olympic medal count) is just a little less than the United States’ — but its soccer team has qualified for only one World Cup and has gotten worse in recent years. Germany also has a big economy and a big medal count — and its soccer team is great. The point is that the U.S. men’s national team is no longer underachieving reasonable expectations, as it was before the 1990s. Nor is it exceeding them. Perhaps what we’ve seen is about what we’re due to get in a populous, wealthy, athletic country — where interest in soccer is average, at best, by global standards.The success of the U.S. women’s national soccer team stands in contrast to that of the men’s. But soccer players are among the highest-profile female athletes in the U.S., suggesting that part of the problem for the men’s side is competition from other sports.The punctuated-equilibrium theory would imply that it may take some time for the U.S. men’s team to reach the next plateau. Perhaps an external catalyst would help: another American World Cup, a run to the World Cup semifinals, the emergence of an American soccer player who is recognized as among the best in the world. (Personally, I’d hope for him to be as brash as Cristiano Ronaldo, the better to spark headlines and stoke rivalries with other countries.) But it could be a long while before any of those things happen, and there could be some further delay before their feedback effects kick in.Or it could be that the steady-improvement theory is right. It also reflects a reasonable interpretation of the evidence. The data on youth interest in soccer is very encouraging, for instance.Tuesday’s game against Belgium will provide us with one data point — but just one. Unlike in the past, however, we might not need to wait four years for the next one. Instead, in 2016, the United States will host the Copa América Centenario, a special one-off tournament that will feature the best teams from both North and South America. It could serve as a preview of our soccer future. Playing at home produces the equivalent of an 100 Elo-point bonus — equal to eight years of improvement for the U.S. based on its 1986 to 2014 trajectory. If the U.S. will be ready to compete with the Colombias and Argentinas and Brazils of the world on neutral turf by 2022 and 2026, it should be able to do so on home soil in 2016.CORRECTION (July 1, 4:54 p.m.): A chart in an earlier version of this post mislabeled the Elo ratings vs. Olympic medal counts for China and Russia. The chart has been updated. For the United States, almost every recent World Cup match has been billed as the most important game in the history of the men’s national team. Its knockout-stage match against Belgium on Tuesday isn’t receiving quite as much hype.1The New Republic does describe the U.S.-Belgium game as the “most important sporting event in American history.” That’s apparently a joke, however. But a win would advance the U.S. to the World Cup quarterfinals for a Saturday afternoon match against Argentina or Switzerland. That would probably be the most-watched game in U.S. soccer history — the first World Cup quarterfinal that many American fans would ever see their men play live.2The U.S. advanced to the quarterfinals in 2002, but its game against Germany was played in South Korea at 7:30 a.m. Eastern time on a Saturday morning — not ideal viewing hours. The U.S. also advanced from its group to the semifinals in the inaugural World Cup in 1930, but that was when just four teams made the knockout stage.It’s tempting to say that these matches are the soccer equivalent of political “game changers” — much-ballyhooed events that seem exciting at the time but which rarely have as much lasting impact as the pundits claim. But it’s not unreasonable to feel as though every World Cup game is more important than the last. It’s a consequence of the long-term state of U.S. soccer.On the one hand, expectations are getting higher. The U.S. advanced from the group stage in 1994, 2002, 2010 and now 2014. Matches against England or Portugal or Germany are now thought of as opportunities rather than sure losses. On the other hand, the men’s national team has never quite had its breakthrough moment.When might the bar be raised? When might U.S. fans view a Round of 16 exit as a travesty and not a triumph?If you’re in your mid-30s, like me, the advance of the U.S. men’s national team might seem as inevitable as that of gay marriage. You’ll be just old enough to remember that the U.S. was once a soccer backwater. But you might not remember how long it took the Americans to get where they are today. The trajectory since the 1980s has always been upward:This chart shows the Elo rating for the U.S. in each World Cup year3Specifically, it shows the U.S.’s Elo rating as of the date of the World Cup final — whether or not the U.S. actually qualified for the tournament. For 2014, I’ve used the U.S.’s Elo rating at the end of the group stage. since 1986 — the last World Cup where the Americans failed to qualify, and the last one before 1988, when FIFA declared the 1994 World Cup would be played in the U.S.From this perspective, the upward trend has been extremely steady. In fact, other than the 2002 team arriving in the quarterfinals a little ahead of schedule, it’s been almost perfectly linear. Since 1986, the U.S.’s Elo rating has improved by almost exactly 50 points every four years.Imagine that the trend continues. Right now, the U.S. team’s Elo rating is nearly 1,850, which places it 15th in the world. Add another 50 points, and by 2018 it would be at 1,900 — somewhere around eighth or 10th in the world and near where Belgium and Uruguay and France are today. That’s a team that could be a dark-horse World Cup contender. By 2026, its Elo rating would be 2,000 — not far from where Argentina, Germany and the Netherlands began this year’s tournament. So in just 12 more years — in a World Cup that could possibly be held in the United States — the U.S. will be a global soccer powerhouse.Or perhaps not. Consider another look at the evidence, one where we run the numbers back further. For much of the 1970s, there was a lot of hope surrounding the growth of U.S. soccer, but the men’s national team repeatedly failed to qualify for the World Cup. In one year, the U.S. failed to win a single qualifying match. But let’s go back ever further, to 1950. This tells a different story. The men’s national team got worse from 1950 to 1958, bottomed out for almost 30 years with no sign of life, improved rather sharply in a concentrated period from 1986 through 2002, and has been fairly steady since.Yes, the U.S. has still gotten better by this reckoning — but it looks more like a case of punctuated equilibrium — a sudden change after years of stasis.4The so-called punctuated trend in the chart is drawn by fitting a regression with a dummy variable that is taken as zero between 1950 and 1986 and one between 2002 and 2014 and allowed to vary at a linear rate only in the intervening years.
Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppKingston, Jamaica, December 24, 2016 – Finance and Public Service Minister, Hon. Audley Shaw, says the Government is seeking to maintain and build on the momentum resulting from the 2.2 per cent rate of economic growth recorded during the July to September quarter. In reiterating that this was the highest out-turn since 2007, Mr. Shaw said Jamaica’s macroeconomic environment was stabilizing, with the prospects for further growth being “excellent.” This, he contended, was the case, particularly for agriculture, in light of the 3,300 new hotel rooms coming on stream this year, adding that tourism “provides a vital linkage to agriculture.” He was speaking at a recent press conference at the Ministry’s National Heroes Circle offices in Kingston.Meanwhile, Mr. Shaw advised that the Jamaican dollar was regaining the confidence of key stakeholders. This, he said, was consequent on its stabilization resulting from inputs by a special working group which he established to address the currency’s depreciation, in consultation with the Bank of Jamaica (BoJ). The Minister further said that interest rates were falling, while the current account deficit had narrowed to a “relatively low” 1.8 per cent, down from double digits. He advised that Jamaica was meeting its benchmark targets under the new International Monetary Fund (IMF) US$1.64 billion precautionary Standby Agreement (SBA), and assured that the Administration would do everything necessary to generate sustainable economic growth.Meanwhile, Mr. Shaw is encouraging small and medium-size (SME) business owners seeking to access the Development Bank of Jamaica’s (DBJ) $2.4 billion loan facility, to ensure their operations are in good standing.He said despite a relaxation in the loan collateral requirement, SME stakeholders must ensure their operations are properly structured, in keeping with the governing stipulations. “All potential (beneficiaries) of these loans must understand that we expect a serious approach to doing business,” Mr. Shaw emphasized.The DBJ has relaxed its qualifying stipulations for the loan provision, by incorporating non-traditional collateral among the prerequisites. A Government policy decision has allowed the BoJ to reduce risks associated with loans issued by deposit-taking institutions that are guaranteed by the DBJ. In 2009, the Administration launched the Credit Enhancement Fund (CEF), as a pilot project, to increase access to credit for SMEs that lacked adequate collateral to secure loans. Recently, following recommendations from the Economic Growth Council (EGC), the BoJ reduced risk-weighting for DBJ-backed loans under the CEF. Electricity Cost of Service Study among the big agenda items at September 11 Cabinet meeting Related Items:#magneticmedianews Photo credit: JIS #MagneticMediaNews Recommended for you ALERT # 2 ON POTENTIAL TROPICAL CYCLONE NINE ISSUED BY THE BAHAMAS DEPARTMENT OF METEOROLOGY THURSDAY 12TH SEPTEMBER, 2019 AT 9 PM EDT The Luxury of Grace Bay in Down Town Provo